Dry eczema is one of the most common types of skin diseases. Eczema or eczema or now more commonly referred to as dermatitis is a condition of skin inflammation caused by various types of disease. In general, eczema is divided into two, namely dry eczema and wet eczema.Both types of eczema are distinguished based on different conditions, namely dry eczema, which is dry and wet eczema has conditions that tend to be wet or runny. Aside from these differences, in general the two types of skin inflammation have almost the same symptoms.Dry eczema generally cannot be contagious, but of course this condition cannot be tolerated because itching in eczema can interfere with your various activities. Learn more about dry eczema, including causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention through this articulation!Causes of Dry EczemaThe causes of dry eczema are basically various. But the condition most often associated with dry eczema is atopic dermatitis. This type of dermatitis often occurs in children and is chronic. Although it is rare but sometimes this dermatitis can also attack adults.Atopic dermatitis is also often associated with hay fever and asthma. The causes of atopic dermatitis also vary such as the habit of scratching the skin, dry skin, food allergies, allergies to soap or detergent, and much more.Another condition that often causes dry eczema is neurodermatitis. This condition can indeed be said to be similar to atopic dermatitis. The cause of neurodermatitis is not known with certainty but is thought to occur due to stress, nerve injury that results in itching, dry skin, sweat, and not smooth blood flow.In addition to atopic dermatitis and neurodermatitis, other conditions that are often called dry eczema are irritant contact dermatitis, allergic contact dermatitis, and also dihydrosis dermatitis. All these conditions have similar symptoms that can represent a condition often called dry eczema.In some cases, dry eczema can also turn into wet eczema that is acute. Changes in dry eczema to wet eczema are usually caused by secondary infections commonly caused by bacteria. If a change like this occurs, a further diagnosis of the eczema must be made.Symptoms of Dry EczemaThe most common symptoms of dry eczema are red rashes, itching, thickening of the skin, and scaly skin, and discoloration of the skin. Dry eczema can appear on any part of the body and most often appears on the hands, feet, neck and face.Even though it feels very itchy, try not to scratch the eczema that appears on the skin. Scratching eczema will further aggravate the condition of the skin and skin can also become increasingly thick. Besides scratching can also be one of the causes of secondary infections.Dry Eczema TreatmentTreatment of dry eczema can be done in various ways. The treatment chosen must adjust to the cause of dry eczema itself, because as mentioned earlier, the causes of dry eczema are very diverse. Here are the various types of treatment that you can use:1. Corticosteroid drugsThe first dry eczema treatment can use corticosteroid drugs. The way this drug works is to act as an anti-inflammatory. One of the corticosteroid drugs to treat eczema is Hydrocortisone. Although it has been commonly used as one of the eczema solutions, please note that the use of this type of drug is not recommended for a long period of time.2. NSAIDsNSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can also be an option for treating eczema. One of the recommended NSAIDs to treat eczema is topical Crisaborole .3. AntihistaminesAntihistamines are drugs that are used to treat various allergic symptoms. If your dry eczema is caused by allergies, you can choose Antihistamine as an eczema solution.4. Drugs that regulate the immune systemThere are two choices of drugs related to the immune system that can be chosen to treat dry eczema. First is an immunosuppressant drug that works by suppressing the body's immune system excessively. In addition, you can also use immunomodulators which can actually increase the immune system. The selection of the two types of drugs is adjusted to the type of disease.5. PhototherapyThe next treatment for dry eczema is phototherapy. This therapy relies on UV light to treat various skin infections. Therapy must be done regularly so that eczema is completely cured.6. PUVA TherapyIf phototherapy does not have an effect on the skin, PUVA therapy (psoralen and ultraviolet A) can be done. This therapy is basically a therapy using UVA light, but before therapy is applied a chemical compound called psoralen is applied which can increase skin sensitivity.Choose a treatment that is suitable for the diagnosis of your disease. Choosing drugs arbitrarily can worsen the condition of eczema and may cause certain side effects. In addition, do not use any medication for long periods without the doctor's consent.Prevention of Dry EczemaIn addition to taking steps to treat dry eczema as mentioned above, you can also prevent it from getting dry eczema or so that the eczema condition doesn't get worse. Here are some steps you can take!1. Maintain skin moistureThe first way you can do is keep the skin moist. As mentioned earlier, dry skin conditions that are left over can worsen the condition of eczema or can even cause eczema. Keeping the skin moist can be done by cleaning the skin regularly but not excessively and applying moisturizer regularly.2. Avoid allergensIn addition to dry skin, dry eczema is also often caused by allergies. If you have a history of allergies, it is very important for you to know what triggers these allergies. It is important to recognize food and your allergens so that you can avoid them more easily.3. Use comfortable clothesClothing that is too tight and also makes you sweat too much can trigger the skin to itch so that eczema can appear. Therefore, choosing comfortable clothes is very important to protect skin affected by dry eczema or to prevent eczema from appearing.4. Don't scratch the itchy skinItchy skin can be caused by various causes such as insect bites or as a reaction to the skin against clothing. If the skin feels itchy, you should use powder or an itching reliever lotionand do not scratch the skin.5. Maintain cleanlinessMaintaining overall body hygiene is also an important thing to overcome and avoid eczema. The presence of bacteria and other microorganisms on the skin can trigger eczema and worsen the condition of existing eczema.6. Healthy lifestyleA healthy lifestyle is also a very important thing to avoid eczema. The causes of eczema are very diverse and sometimes difficult to know. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle to maintain overall health is very important to reduce the risk of various diseases, including eczema.